The economy of the proofreading

April 10th, 2014

In publishing houses, there are still outside readers – proofreading, controlled by editorial assistants. Paid to sign (10 euros 12 000 characters), they receive on average 1200 euros per month to correct the equivalent of 12 novels. The reader -corrector receives plain text. He must prepare the copy verify the consistency and make a proofreading, grammar and spelling. It occurs most often directly on the text, but on a paper copy of it, not on a file.

In many homes, there are more second passage proofreading, as was done before. Sometimes it happens. In which case, the second corrector working on tests with the aim of flushing out the latest inconsistencies and remove the shells. In homes where there are still two passages of proofreading, usually returns the same text to the same drive -corrector, which ensures continuity proofreading, while another look might be allowed to browse other errors.

Typo code has no equivalent for numériqueCe need to know is that they do not correct on file, but on paper. The main reason is that the taxonomy of proofreading (“typo code”) exists only written sign, but not the computer. Readers – correctors also rely on spelling and grammatical standards (including the difficulties of tenses): thus, it is quite consistent with Girodet Gallimard, whereas threshold is preferred Jouette.

The reader -corrector puts ten days to correct a book, according to the state of the manuscript (it often resolves several at the same time). Although often, it is a short work face to face with the author once its proposed to validate the most important with the author’s proofreadings. The passage of two reviewers was often more compelling because the author did say often twice the same remarks he then accepted more readily corrected. Of course, there are always books on which there is nothing to do, as was the case of three powerful women of Marie Ndiaye, but this is rare.

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Dissertation writing: Assumptions and Boundaries

April 10th, 2014


In assumptions, it will be made ​​a first inventory of what we think as find some answers. Assumptions are expected answers we will check.

Ie there must archaeological evidence for contemporary cities have been discovered nearby. It seems that there are traces of the characters since we find in chronic. There are similar stories all along the Atlantic coast, which attest is a common story or similar events.

Boundaries / restriction of the subject / determination of corpus

When we begin a study, you realize that a subject is still very large, the risk is never complete always want further explore the data that is discovered, and the second risk is also derive and finally treating another topic.

The delimitation of the subject can know where we stand in the field of knowledge, what disciplines we may appeal. Two advantages: better contain its exploration time to show the reader that there is a sufficient culture to get to install his work in relation to what already exists.

Determining the corpus is an essential step. It comes to choosing the works or objects lesquel (le) s have will work. In a comparative approach, the works that make sense and serve the demonstration, no need to take any one chooses.

In an analytical approach, the approach is similar.

Essay writing parts: Plan Development

April 10th, 2014

The successful plan is certainly largely depend on the chosen topic, knowledge, and problematic implementation.

Therefore: “What is the heart of my argument? How many essential ideas I move forward?”

  • The timeline reveals the historical developments, hyphenation, ruptures. It is recommended for subjects that include extensive periods. It must then justify precisely cuts and dates that serve as terminals to your party (the “date – hinge” has value that you legitimizing the analysis).

  • The thematic level, or synthetic, enables you to emphasize the permanence, to highlight debates such continuity – change appearance or reality, a binary or ternary structure, an overall assessment.

    It is better suited to subjects “tables” and often slow to changes or systemic analysis.


  • The mixed semi- chronologically or thematically – timer gives the possibility of introducing a section on a balance sheet, a perspective or a presentation of the different interpretations of the area studied.


 Once the plan is adopted, you must articulate your essay around two or three balanced parts are subdivided into subparts. The ” classics ” are the three-part plan and the plan into two parts:

The 3x3x3 plan or map 09/03/27 (3 parts, subparts 9 and 27 ” sub- parts “) is sometimes seen as a heavy implement academic straitjacket. You can then opt for more flexibility with a plan in three parts, each comprising two sub- sections, and then two or three ” sub- parts “, depending on the material you have, and the method of treatment chosen.

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